The basic taxation categories are:
- Value Added Tax
- Corporate income tax
- Personal income tax
- Property tax
- Social security contributions paid by employers and employees
- Excises, a special type of sales tax paid on some commodities like oil products, tobacco products, soft drinks, alcohol drinks, beer, wine and coffee.
CATEGORIES TAX RATE
Value Added Tax 17% (FBiH,RS, BD)
Corporate Income Tax 10% (FBiH,RS, BD)
Personal Income Tax 10% (FBiH,RS, BD)
Value added tax (VAT)
Unique VAT rate is 17%. Indirect Taxation Authority is in charge of collecting value added tax and coordinating fiscal policy issues in general. This body is also responsible for collecting customs and excises on the entire territory of BiH.
Value added tax is a comprehensive tax on consumption, assessed based on the value added to goods and services. This is a general tax applied to all commercial activities, including manufacturing and distribution of goods and providing services. It is a consumer tax because it is not paid by the company, but by the end user. It is assessed as a percentage of the cost of goods or services. The tax amount is visible in all stages, from manufacturing to distribution chain. When paying tax liability, the taxpayer will reduce the value added tax by the tax amount he/she has already paid to other taxpayers at purchase. This ensures neutrality of taxation, regardless of the number of transactions involved.
Corporate income tax rate in BiH
- Federation BiH – 10%
- Republic of Srpska – 10%
- Brcko District – 10%
Profits transferred from abroad are not taxed in BiH
Profits transferred from abroad are not taxed if they were previously subject to taxation abroad.
Corporate taxable basis
Profits are calculated in accordance with applicable laws, by deducting (real) expenses from revenues. The tax base includes profit gained through revenues and capital gains, according to the accounting regulations. The expenditures must conform to the accounting standards.
Personal income tax rates
In FBiH – Personal income tax is 10 % on net salary (in accordance with gross model).
In RS – Personal income tax is 10% on net salary (in accordance with gross model).
Foreigners and taxes in BiH
All foreigners with permanent residence in the Federation BiH and RS pay personal income tax on revenues earned during a calendar year in BiH territory. Equally, all foreigners who do not reside permanently in BiH but who earn income in the Federation BiH and RS are considered as taxpayers.
In Brcko District, foreigners are treated as taxpayers if they stay in the District territory during an uninterrupted period of 183 days at least.
For more information on taxes in BiH please click here